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Bowing political pressure, English King Edward I expels the Jews from England.
They were only allowed to take what they could carry and most went to France, paying for thier passage only to be robbed and cast overboard by the ship captains.
King Henry III of England ordered Jewish worship in synagogue to be held quietly so that Christians passing by do not have to hear it.
e also ordered that Jews may not employ Christian nurses or maids, nor may any Jew prevent another from converting to Christianity.
Some Jews return within a few years, but many return only after the Muslims conquer Egypt.
Rebellion leader Mar Zutra usurps power from Kobad the Zenduk, establishing an independant Jewish state in Babylon that would last for seven years, until Zutra's forces defeated Zutra's army, killing him and instituted a harsh policy toward the remaining Jews.
Emperor Heraclius breaks his promise of protection to Jews, massacring any he found and forbidding them from entering Jerusalem.
Hundreds of Jews were killed and thousands exhiled to Egypt, ending the Jewish towns in the Galilee and Judea.
After spending all night praying, all but three or four Banu Kurarans are beheaded.Basle burns 600 Jews at the stake and forcibly baptizes 140 children, expelling the city's other Jews.The city's Christian residents convert the synagogue into a church and destroy the Jewish cemetery.The Jews were also forbidden from riding horses and holding judicial or civil posts, and were forced to wear a yellow patch for identification.In the wake of a narrow military defeat over Muslim forces, Leo III of Constantinople decided his nation's weakness lay in its heterogenious population, and began the forcible conversion of the Jews, as well as the "New Christians." Most converted under Leo III clandestinely continued their Jewish practices.
(Palestine) : The pro-Soviet faction of the Ba'ath Party seizes power in Iraq and appoints general Ahmed Hasan al-Bakr president and Saddam Hussein in charge of internal security, removing Shiites (the majority of Iraq's population) from any position of power : After a series of assassination attempts King Hussein of Jordanfearing for his own country's stabilityorders a massive expulsion of Palestinians that results in ten days of civil war with 200 Syrian tanks invading Jordan and 5,000 deaths ("black september") (Jordan) : The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine carries out simultaneous hijackings to Jordan (Dawson's Field) of TWASwissair and BOAC planes for a total of over 300 hostages ("Skyjack Sunday")which are swapped with Leila Khaledthe leader of the PFLP cell captured in Britain (Jordan) : King Hussein of Jordan orders a massive expulsion of Palestinians ("black september"), many of which move into Lebanon, further destabilizing the country and the Palestinian leader Arafat settles in Beirut, Lebanon : Venezuelan-born terrorist Ilich Ramirez Sanchez ("Carlos the Jackal")who studied in Russia and was trained by Haddadperforms spectacular terrorist actions on behalf of Palestinian terrorist groups (London) : After the pact between Iran and Iraq that ends Iranian support for Kurdish rebels in Iraq, Iraqi troops massacre thousands of Kurdish civilians and rebels after collecting them in "dar al-fana" ("houses of annihilation") : when Iranthe United States and Israel withdraw support to the Kurdish revolt led by Mustafa Barzani Iraqi troops massacre thousands of Kurdish civilians and rebels after collecting them in "dar al-fana" ("houses of annihilation") (Iraq) : Israeli commandos storm an Air France plane hijacked by Palestinian terrorists in Entebbe killing all the Palestinians and scores of Ugandan soldiers that were protecting them and freeing 102 hostages (Palestine) : The Camp David agreement brokered by president Jimmy Carter of the USA prescribes a timetable for solving the Palestinian issuebut Jordan refuses to negotiate on behalf of Arafat and Israel refuses to negotiate directly with a terrorist like Arafat (Palestine) : Sadat is assassinated by soldiers led by Khalid al Islambouliinspired by radical Muslim organization (the Egyptian Islamic Jihad) of Egyptian surgeon Ayman al-Zawahri and is succeeded by vice-president Hosni Mubarak (Egypt) : At the battle of Shouf a USA warship rescues Michel Aoun's Lebanese army that is being defeated by a coalition of Walid Jumblatt's Druze militia, Syrian troops, PLO guerrillas and Iranian Revolutionary Guards (Lebanon) : Bashir Gemayel is assassinated by Syrian agents, and in retaliation Israeli-backed Christian militiamen of the Phalange under Elie Hobeika with the support of Israeli troops (under the command of Ariel Sharon) massacre 1,000 unarmed Palestinian and Lebanese civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in west Beirut (Lebanon) : In retaliation for an assassination attempt by Abu Nidal and Iraqi agents on the Israeli ambassador in Britain Israel invades Lebanon trapping the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and its leader Yassir Arafat in Beirut (despite the fact that Abu Nidal is not part of the PLO) (Lebanon) : In retaliation for an assassination attempt by Abu Nidal and Iraqi agents on the Israeli ambassador in Britain, Israel invades Lebanon trapping the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and its leader Yassir Arafat in Beirut (despite the fact that Abu Nidal is not part of the PLO) : Saudi Arabia becomes the financial arm of the CIA to bypass the USA parliamentselling arms to Nicaragua's rebelsto Angola's rebels and to Afghanistan's rebels fighting communist regimes in three continents (Saudi Arabia) : Osama bin Laden meets Palestinian cleric Abdullah Azzam in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and together they form in Peshawar (Pakistan) the Maktab al-Khidamat (Service Office) with the goal to recruit fighters and raise money for the Afghan resistance : 1.260 Palestinian prisoners (among them Sheikh Ahmed Yassin) are released from Israeli jails in a prisoner exchange between Israel and Ahmad Jibril's PFLP-GC that has hijacked an American passenger plane (Israel) : Palestinian terrorists led by Abu Abbas hijack the Achille Lauro cruise shipkill one USA passengerescape via Egyptare tracked down by USA warplanesand are finally helped to escape by the Italian government (Palestine) : Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, backed by donors in the Gulf states and by Jordan, creates the Islamist civilian and military organization Hamas in Gaza, with the goal to drive Israel out of the Middle East and establish an Islamic state : Chad expels Libya from northern Chad, despite Ahmad Jibril's PFLP-GC organization fighting together with Libya, and captures Libyan general Khalifa Haftar, who is then disavowed by Libya and is flown by the CIA to Congo Zaire : Emanating from the Jabaliya refugee camp Palestinians in the occupied territories begin an uprising against Israeli occupation forces using mainly rocks (the first "intifada") mainly protesting continued expansion of Israeli settlements in the Palestinian areas of the West Bank (Palestine) : Sheikh Ahmed Yassinbacked by donors in the Gulf statescreates the civilian and military organization Hamas in Gaza as the Palestinian wing of the Muslim Brotherhoodwith the goal to drive Israel out of the Middle East and establish an Islamic state (Palestine) : Osama bin Laden splits from Azzam and creates Al Qaeda ("The Base"), meant to become a worldwide alliance of fundamentalist militants, but also based on the teachings of Mohammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (the 19th century founder of the conservative Islamic theology "wahhabism" that is still prevalent in Saudi Arabia) and Sayyid Qutb (an Egyptian philosopher that viewed western civilization as the main enemy of Islam) : A USA warship is damaged by an Iranian mine in the Persian Gulfand in retaliation the USA starts its largest naval battle since Vietnamdestroying two Iranian oil platforms and attacking Iranian warships (Iran) : Lebanese factions agree to end the civil war ("Taif Agreement"), splitting the parliament equally between Christians and Muslims A, but the first Christian president is immediately assassinated and Lebanon is forced by Syria to pick Elias Hrawi as new president : Ahmed Yassinleader of Hamasis arrested and condemned to life in prisonand his successor Musa Abu Marzook separates the civilian and military wings of Hamas (Salah Shihada establishes Hamas' military apparatus) (Palestine) : Saudi Arabiaafraid that Saddam Hussein may turn against them after invading Kuwaitjoins the U.